In addition to believing that the universe was created 6,000 years old, many Christians assume that it began in a ‘perfect’ state. Â I’ve 3 main problems, scientific, biblical/theological & linguistic, with this view:
Scientifically, I can imagine some form of string theory or multiverse theory being interpreted or mis-interpreted in such a way that the ‘first stuff’ from which everything we know ‘came from’ was somehow ‘perfect’. Â But in addition to being devoid of any observational evidence (says the likes of Paul Davies),Â I’m not even sure what physical characteristics would be required for a ‘perfect’ universe. Â But suffice to say that nothing we yet see seems to be even close – by anyone’s standards or definitions of ‘perfect’.
Biblically and theologically, not only do the creation narratives use the term ‘good’ rather than ‘perfect’ to describe the creation, in addition, the very first description of the state of creation, quite clearly in the second verse of the Bible, isÂ tohu va vohuÂ (‘formless and void’). Â God here is not pictured as a deistic god whose creative activity touches creation singularly and solely at it’s first instant, then leaving it ‘on its own’ as it were. Â Rather, the picture is of a Creator who not only initially creates (creatio ex nihiloÂ or creatio originalis) a creation that is other than and distinct from himself, but who creates a creation which is not yet what it will be. Â The Creator thus keeps on creating (creatio continua) and ordering the creation – bringing it toward the final goal, end or telosÂ , which in Christian theology is nothing but a full renewal, and healing of it: New Creation (creatio nova). Â As Wesley writes of Genesis 1:2, “The Creator could have made his work perfect at first, but by this gradual proceeding he would shew what is ordinarily the method of his providence, and grace.”
Linguistically,Â in just about any language you slice it,Â the term ‘perfect’ inescapably describes the state of being finished, completed or perfected. Â It seems (contra Wesley above) a flat contradiction that we could (or indeed that God would) call any thing finished at its beginning.